Vitellaria paradoxa (formerly Butyrospermum parkii), commonly known as shea tree or vitellaria, is a tree of the family Sapotaceae. It is the only species in the genus Vitellaria and is indigenous to Africa. The shea fruit consists of a thin, tart, nutritious pulp that surrounds a relatively large, oil-rich seed from which shea butter is extracted. Shea butter is a fat extracted from the nut of the African shea tree. It is ivory in color when raw and commonly dyed yellow with borututu root or palm oil. It is widely used in cosmetics as a moisturizer, salve or lotion. Shea butter is edible and is used in food preparation in some African countries. Occasionally, shea butter is mixed with other oils as a substitute for cocoa butter, although the taste is noticeably different. It is one of the most important local products in Northern Ghana and also few other African countries. The shea butter comes from the nuts. It is most commonly used as an emollient in cosmetics and is less commonly used in food. In Ghana and Nigeria, shea butter is a major ingredient for making the African black soap.