The cocoa bean or simply cocoa also called the cacao bean or cacao is the dried and fully fermented seed of Theobroma cacao, from which cocoa solids (a mixture of nonfat substances) and cocoa butter (the fat) can be extracted.Cacao is seed from which cocoa and chocolate are made. Theobroma cacao, a tropical evergreen tree is native to the Amazon rainforest. It is a delicate, sensitive plant which requires high rainfall and temperatures to grow, as well as rainforest trees to offer shade and protection from too much light and damage caused by wind. Because cocoa farms are sensitive to this type of climate, they can only flourish in a narrow band of countries between 20 degrees north and south of the equator.Nearly 70% of the world crop today is grown in West Africa.
In the Gold Coast, modern Ghana, cacao was introduced by a Ghanaian, Tetteh Quarshie. Cocoa is the backbone of the economy of Ghana; and cocoa farmers should be proud that they are driving the economy of Ghana.